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Category Archives: Health explainers

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What is Stand Up To Cancer, when did SU2C start and who are the founders? From Katie Couric to Noreen Fraser

STAND Up To Cancer has raised hundreds of millions of pounds worldwide for cancer research and tonight will see The Great Celebrity Bake Off for Stand Up to Cancer.
But how does the charity work and how was it first founded? Here’s the lowdown…
Stand Up To Cancer launched in the US in 2008, and in the UK in 2012
What is Stand Up To Cancer?
Stand Up To Cancer is a televised effort to raise funds for cancer research, which started in the US.
The first broadcast was televised by three major networks (ABC, NBC, CBS) in over 170 countries in September 2008 and raised over $100 million from that broadcast – money which was given to the American Association for Cancer Research to fund studies into the disease.
SU2C came to the  UK in 2012 for its first broadcast.
The Great Celebrity Bake Off for Stand Up To Cancer airs on Channel 4 on Channel 4 at 8pm(Channel 4 images must not be altered or manipulated in any way) CHANNEL 4 PICTURE PUBLIC
SU2C UK is brought to viewers by Cancer Research UK and Channel 4, and has raised over £38 million to date.
The Great Celebrity Bake Off for Stand Up To Cancer has aired on the channel and stars such as Stacey Solomon, Ricky Wilson, Jamie Lang and Bill Turnbull will be taking part in the baking competition.
Celebrity Hunted returned to Channel 4 on October 16 in aid of the charity and features celebrities such as Kay Burley, Dom Joly, Vicky Pattinson, Olympian gymnast Louis Smith, Love Island’s Kem Cetinay and Chris Hughes.
SU2C UK say their aim is to “accelerate progress in life-saving cancer research,” and says that “Stand Up To Cancer takes developments in the labs and accelerates them into brand new tests and treatments for cancer patients who need them right now.”
Noreen Fraser was one of the founders of SU2C after being diagnosed with breast cancerGetty Images – Getty
When did SU2C start and who are the founders?
Stand Up To Cancer was founded in autumn 2007 by a group of women who have been affected by cancer, either being diagnosed themselves or having a loved one who has the disease.
In late 2007, they decided to marshal the entertainment industry into working together to make more of an impactful jolt on the cause.
Television producer, Noreen Fraser, was one of these women, who used her contacts and resources to make a public fight against cancer.
Sadly, Noreen died in May 2017, after succumbing to her breast cancer that she was diagnosed with 15 years earlier.
Katie Couric is one of the SU2C Council of Founders and Advisors membersGetty – Contributor
Katie Couric, an American journalist and TV personality, returned to her old TV network in 2008 to promote SU2C.
She is still a member of the SU2C Council of Founders and Advisors (CFA) alongside Sherry Lansing, Kathleen Lobb, Katie Couric, Lisa Paulsen, Rusty Robertson, Sue Schwartz, Pamela Oas Williams, and Ellen Ziffren.

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What is the Zika virus and how is it spread? Symptoms, treatment and travel advice

THE spread of the Zika virus caused global headlines back in 2015 and 2016 after an outbreak which began in South America.
While the number of cases have dropped dramatically since then, the virus still poses a “significant” long-term problem according to the World Health Organisation.
Getty Images Zika is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes but can also be transmitted sexually[/caption]
What is Zika?
Zika was first noted in Uganda in 1952, but it was in early 2015 in Brazil that the virus really began to threaten public health.
The virus generally only causes a very mild infection, with only one-fifth of infected people actually becoming noticeably ill as a result of the disease.
Zika has also been connected to the neurological condition Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can cause paralysis.
It has also linked to the microcephaly birth defect in babies, which causes them to be born with abnormally small heads.
Microcephaly is also associated with incomplete brain development.
Doctors have now hoping to develop a vaccine that will offer total protection against the devastating effects of the Zika virus.
What has Brazil said about Zika?
Brazil declared an end to its public health emergency for the Zika virus in late 2016.
The Health Ministry said efforts to control the mosquitoes that spread Zika would continue as would assistance to affected families.
Brazil declared the emergency in April 2015, during a surge in cases of Zika and associated birth defects.
The spread coincided with Rio de Janeiro hosting the 2016 Summer Olympics, with several high profile athletes opting not to travel to Brazil out of concerns over Zika.
Most people infected with Zika never develop symptoms, but infection during pregnancy has been linked to birth defects, including microcephaly, in which a baby’s skull is smaller than expected.
In 2017, Zika cases fell dramatically. From January through mid-April, the Health Ministry recorded 95 percent fewer cases than during the same period last year.
The World Health Organization lifted its own international emergency in November, even while saying the virus remained a threat.
How is Zika spread?
Zika is mostly spread by the bites of infected Aedes species mosquitoes, which bite during the day and night.
However, Zika can also be transmitted sexually with the virus able to stay in an infected male’s semen for months.
Most worryingly, it can be passed on from mothers to babies in the womb – which leads to babies being born with severe birth defects.
One of the best ways to prevent catching Zika is to prevent being bitten by a mosquito.
Wearing insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and trousers and avoiding stagnant water can all help limit your risk of being bitten.
People have also been warned not to travel to areas known to have high rates of Zika.
What are the symptoms of Zika?
While Zika does not necessarily impact all those who carry the virus, these are the kinds of symptoms that sufferers can experience:

itching all over the body
joint pain (with possible swelling)
musle pain
lower back pain
pain behind the eyes

Babies can also be born with severe birth defects from the virus.
Currently, there is no specific treatment for Zika – although scientists are currently working on a vaccine.
NHS guidelines suggest drinking plenty of water and taking paracetamol can relieve symptoms in adults.
People have also been warned to seek urgent advice to help rule out a malaria diagnosis if starting to feel unwell.

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Is it safe to travel to areas where Zika is present?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has listed the countries and regions it advises pregnant women not to travel to.
Among the places where there is a high risk of Zika are the Caribbean islands, South America, Fiji, Tonka and Thailand.
In October 2018 it was confirmed that Meghan Markle would travel to Fiji and Tonga as part of a royal tour with Prince Harry despite the concerns over Zika.
All travelers to affected regions are urged to follow steps to prevent mosquito bites.

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